Test cricket is the longest form of the sport of cricket and is considered its highest standard. Test matches are played between national representative teams with “Test status”, as determined by the International Cricket Council (ICC). It is generally considered the most complete examination of teams’ playing ability and endurance. The name Test stems from the long, grueling match being a “test” of the relative strengths of the two sides.
The first officially recognized Test match began on 15 March 1877 and ended on 19 March 1877 and was played between England and Australia at the Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG), where Australia won by 45 runs. A Test match to celebrate 100 years of Test cricket was held in Melbourne from 12 to 17 March 1977, in which Australia beat England by 45 runs—the same margin as that first Test.
While there is no official video or photography for first test match played, attached is the first match played by independent India.
The following are some key points in the history of cricket:
First Test Match in India conducted at 1951. The match was played between India & the Commonwelth XI at the Ferozshah Kotla Stadium in Delhi. The match had an unofficial status. In spite of this, the then President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad inaugurated the match & it was viewed by politicians & the Chiefs of the various branches of India’s Armed Force.
First ever six in one day cricket is by Ian Chappell during 1971
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